Biyolojik çeşitlilik
Çevre kirliliği ve aşırı tüketim gibi etkenler biyolojik çeşitliliğe yönelik başlıca tehlikelerdir.
Yeşil Kutu Nedir

INTRODUCTION

In 2000 the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) submitted to Toyota a programme idea on supporting environmental education (EE) and education for sustainable development (ESD) through the development and implementation of an innovative multimedia educational package for school children aged 11-15 in Central and Eastern Europe.

The Green Pack project proposed by the REC was supported in its pilot phase for Poland. In appreciation of the work of the REC, Toyota’s Environmental Activities Support Programme again selected it for support in next years. Similar education Packs have been developed for Hungary and Bulgaria in 2002-2003, the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 2003-2004, and Russia (2004-2006) – the regions of Moscow, and St. Petersburg – the last one with co-financing from the Ministry of the Environment of Finland.

Since 2004 the Green Pack projects are also supported by other donors:
» In 2004-2006, in Albania by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs,

» In 2005-2006, in Azerbaijan by the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the British Petroleum;

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In 2005-2007, in Turkey by the EC LIFE Third Countries Programme of the European Commission and the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea;

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In 2006-2008, in Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia by the Austrian Government;

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In 2008-2009, by the Dutch Government, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo, the United Nations Interim Administration Mission.

The development of an English version of the Green Pack was supported by Toyota Motor Europe through its European Social Contribution Fund in 2003, and was launched during the Fifth Ministerial Conference Environment for Europe in May 2003 and the Green Week initiative of the European Commission in Brussels in June 2003.

A Green Pack website in English: http://greenpack.rec.org is available since the beginning of 2004.

The REC has presented the cooperation with donors as a model of efficient partnership on sustainable development by taking part in several international forums and expositions on education for sustainable development, namely:
» The side event on Education for Sustainable Development during the Fifth Ministerial Conference “Environment for Europe” in Kiev, in 2003;

» The Green Week (organised by the European Commission) in Brussels, in 2003; » The 12th Meeting of the OSCE Economic Forum in Prague, in 2004;

» The high level UN/ECE Ministerial Meeting on Education for Sustainable Development in Vilnius, in 2005;

» The 1st South East European sub-regional workshop on the implementation of the UN/ECE Strategy for ESD in Athens, Greece, in 2005; » Didacta Expo on ESD in Hanover, Germany, in 2006.

The REC has also been able to promote the Green Pack product and methodology at various forums on ESD such as:

» The Regional Meeting on ESD for Central Asia, organised by OSCE in Bishkek in 2004;

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The Geneva Expo on Sustainable Development in 2005;

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The 2nd International Forum on ESD organised by UNESCO and the Chinese Government in Beijing in 2005, and
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The Sixth Ministerial Conference “Environment for Europe” in Belgrade, in October 2007.

THE GREEN PACK PROJECT – BASIC MODULE

The Green Pack programme goal is to build capacities, transfer know-how and establish the basis for further developments in the field of Education for Sustainable Development in Central and Eastern Europe and worldwide.

The Green Pack project module in each country includes three basic phases: a) feasibility study, b) country-specific Green Pack set (depending on conditions, needs and available funds, the set consists of: teacher’s handbook, dilemma game, film and video clip collection on video cassette or DVD, CD-ROM, five posters, one for each chapter, Green Pack diploma, Green Pack stamp, Green Pack leaflet) development, and c) teachers’ training and Green Pack sets’ distribution and dissemination.

a) Feasibility study
During this phase REC experts visit the beneficiary country to analyse the concrete local needs, conditions and challenges. They meet with the relevant local partners, including national and local institutions and organisations that could play a significant role in the second phase. Preliminary plans, structure and content of the Green Pack is defined in detail, with an aim to synchronize the product with the national curricula and educational standards. An analysis of the existing school resources (computer equipment, projector software, electronic networking technology) helps to indicate in which format the educational resources should be produced. A project team is established to adjust and approve the action plan and the appropriate time frame for adaptation, production and dissemination of a local version of the Green Pack set. The team includes REC experts, local experts and teachers/educators.

b) Development of a country specific Green Pack
The REC experts in close cooperation with valuable local partners begin working on the development of country specific version of the Green Pack materials. The most appropriate (in the context of the beneficiary country) and successful Green Pack components from the previous Green Pack versions are selected and translated into the local language. A national working group (NWG) is established. Experts in environmental education from national institutions, universities and educational centres are invited to evaluate the most successful Green Pack components and their adaptation and to help define the format of the Green Pack and its layout.

National experts provide input on the environmental issues of most relevance to the beneficiary country and contribute with specific case studies. Furthermore, the project team considers more precisely the age groups of the children that will to be targeted. The exact format of the Green Pack, accompanying instruction manuals and multi-media accessories are finalised after the preparatory discussions have taken place. After having obtained the final approval from the Ministries, the production of the first edition (depending on local needs and available funds) of the Green Pack commences.

c) Training of Trainers, distribution and dissemination of Green Pack sets
Local partners start to play more and more significant role at this phase. A training of trainers workshops are organised, where local teachers and educators are trained by the international and local experts in how to train teachers in the use of the Green Pack materials. During these trainings, the Green Packs are distributed to the teachers and schools. The copyright for the country is passed on to the National Working Group for free. They can continue the improvement and up-grading of the educational materials and produce the next circulations, if they so desire.

PRODUCT STRUCTURE AND COMPONENTS

The Green Pack is a multi-media environmental education curriculum set primarily intended for European primary school teachers and their students, although it can also be used at other levels of education. It focuses on particular aspects of environmental protection and sustainable development and includes a variety of educational materials such as a teacher’s handbook with lesson plans and fact sheets for students, a film collection with animated clips and educational films, an interactive CD-ROM with extensive information on various environmental topics and a dilemma game.

Thus, the users of the pack will be able to follow lesson plans, complemented with video presentations and additional information from the CD-ROM and its links to useful websites. The Green Pack emphasises the formation of new values in students and the setting of a new model of behaviour at school, at home and in society rather than simply the accumulation of knowledge in particular environmental areas. In this context, students are, above all, partners with the teachers in the accomplishment of various activities, discussions, role-plays and decision taking. The main messages of the pack are also effectively distributed to other members of the family and society via the students and teachers.

Structure
In general the Green Pack includes 22 topics related to environmental protection and sustainable development, divided into five chapters:

» Environmental components: air, water, soil and biodiversity;

» Threats to the environment: urbanisation, noise, waste and chemicals;

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Human activities and impacts: energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry and tourism;

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Global challenges: climate change, ozone depletion, acidification, and issues affecting seas and oceans;

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Values: ethics and values related to consumerism, human health and the environment, citizens’ rights, and responsibility for the Earth’s future.

Each of the main Green Pack components – the CD ROM, the teacher’s handbook, the film collection and the dilemma game – follows the same structure.

Teachers’ handbook
The handbook is intended primarily for European teachers and their students. Its core elements are the lesson plans, which can be combined with the other components of the Green Pack: the video cassette or DVD, CD-ROM and dilemma game. Each of the environmental topics is covered by one or more of the lesson scenarios. The scenarios are structured so as to provide users with information about the major concept, relevant school subjects, materials needed, time and place, objectives and methodology. The introduction presents basic information on the issue and users are advised to look for more information in the related section of the CD-ROM. Before an activity begins, teachers can find various fact sheets and schemes at the end of each lesson plan to be photocopied and distributed in the class.

A table presenting schematic information on environmental topics, lesson scenarios and their appropriateness to the different school subjects, as well as the recommended films and video clips, is usually enclosed at the end of the handbook.

The activities described in the handbook have a guiding, rather than compulsory character. They are intended to stoke the teacher’s imagination and lead to the organisation of events similar to the ones suggested, but meeting the particular needs and abilities of the students.

CD-ROM
The CD-ROM is especially designed for teachers and educators working in the field of environmental protection and sustainable development. It provides information on the 22 main environmental topics structured as follows: general information on the topic in its context, what the challenge is and how to overcome the problems, some case studies, and what each of us can do about it.

The information is presented in texts, pictures, photos, maps, tests, interactive tables and illustrations, and video clips. Links to relevant, useful international and national websites are also provided throughout the CD-ROM. The lesson plans, which are the same as those in the handbook in PDF format, can be downloaded and used as classroom activities.

Film collection (video cassette or DVD)
Approximately 180-minute collection of films (in either video or DVD format) includes about 30-40 video clips, educational films and documentaries. Information about which of them relate to the 22 environmental topics can be found in the summary table enclosed usually at the end of the teacher’s handbook.

Dilemma Game
There are 22 case studies (one for each environmental topic) organised as a dilemma game. Each case study presents a situation and a number of possible choices for dealing with the problem, as well as comments on the positive and negative aspects of each choice. By working through the dilemmas in this game, teachers and students can engage in in-depth discussions on particular aspects of the conflict between environmental protection and economic development, and train themselves in understanding and respecting different opinions and building consensus.

Website
There are already four on-line versions of the Green Pack:

» In English: http://greenpack.rec.org
»
In Bulgarian: http://www.green-pack.org
» In Russian: http://greenpack.rec.org/ru/main.php?lang=ru
» In Turkish: http://www.yesilkutu.net

INNOVATIVE ASPECTS

Inspired by the political process “Environment for Europe”, the Green Pack educational materials interpret its sophisticated political messages (on implementation of the sustainable development concept in the context of large democratisation of Europe) by adapting them and the supporting information for the specific target groups of educators, teachers, and students.

The Green Pack;
» Includes a large spectrum of topics on development and environment presented in their environmental, economic and social context;

» Presents the specific challenges consecutively in their global, continental (European or any other continent or sub-region), national (could be federal as in the case of Russia), and regional (for example, the Moscow and St. Petersburg regions in the Russian Green Pack) as well as at personal level (what is the role of every citizen in supporting the sustainable development of the society);

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Provides attractive and easy to use data, and presents the main challenges before societies today with various means of information (printed, video, virtual) – the users of the pack are able to follow lesson plans, complement them with video presentations, hold role-plays with the interactive dilemmas and augment the lesson with additional information from the CD-ROM and its links to relevant websites);

» Emphasises on the formation of new values in students and the setting of a new model of behaviour at school, at home and in society, rather than simply the accumulation of knowledge in particular areas. In this context, students are, above all else, partners with the teachers in the accomplishment of various activities, discussions, role-plays and decision making;

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Pays special attention to development of proactive students’ position on the different challenges and provokes further spreading of knowledge and skills among the other family members;

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Provokes discussion with the other local community stakeholders on ways to achieve sustainable development.

The methodology applied by the REC during the development and adaptation of the Green Pack includes close cooperation:
» At national level – with national authorities responsible for the economic, social and environmental development of the society;

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At professional level – with institutions, organisations, universities and NGOs with valuable capacity in the field of sustainable development;

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At individual level – with distinguished educators, scientists, politicians and decision-makers, involved in depth at national or international level in practical implementation of the concept on sustainable development;

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At international level – with political, business and not-for profit organisations (such as OSCE, UN/ECE, Toyota, Television Trust for the Environment, and others promoting sustainable development world wide.

This methodology encourages active involvement of local partners in adaptation and up-grading of the educational materials and later on, gives in their hands the teachers training and the products’ dissemination. Thus, the local partners remain further motivated to improve the Green Pack quality, produce next circulations and train next groups of teachers.

GREEN PACK ACHIEVEMENTS

Achievements in Azerbaijan (2005-2007)
One-year project in Azerbaijan with the active lobbying and supportive role of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and financial support from British Petroleum.

Achievements in Russia (2004-2006)
A two-year project in Russia with the support of the Toyota Motor Corporation and the Finish Ministry of the Environment. The Russian Green Pack was launched in St. Petersburg (in March 2006) and Moscow (in April 2006). The REC Green Pack Team and Russian partners work on the follow-up activities within the Russian Federation. There is available on-line version of the Green Pack in Russian: http://greenpack.rec.org/ru/main.php?lang=ru

Achievements in Albania (2004-2006)
A there-year project in Albania with the support of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Albanian Green Pack was launched in November 2006.

Achievements in the Czech Republic and Slovakia (2003-2004)
The Green Pack was introduced in Czech Republic and Slovakia with Toyota’s support. In Slovakia, a coalition of seven Slovakian non-governmental organisations worked on the adaptation and upgrading of the teacher’s handbook. For the Slovak version two new lesson plans were developed and two films were introduced. The Ministry of Environment of Slovakia financed extra Green Pack production and distribution. In Czech Republic, a number of experts developed the CD-ROM further. Several national institutions offered financial support for upgrading, production and the teacher training programme.

Achievements in Hungary (2002-2004)
The Green Pack was recommended by the Ministry of Education, by the Ministry for Environment, by the Public Education Institute and by several higher education institutes (which were involved in the Green Pack in-service training programme from December 2003-June 2004) to be used as an alternative source for environmental and health education in the Hungarian schools.

The REC received in-kind contribution from several higher education institutes and related training centres in the major HU cities (Budapest, Debrecen, and Eger as well as Hajduboszormeny, Miskolc, Szeged, and Szekesfehervar), where the REC Country Office Hungary organised teacher trainings.

The headmasters of over 450 Hungarian schools sent their teachers to attend 3-day workshop on the Green Pack. About 850 teachers have taken part in these workshops in the first two years after the Green Pack has been introduced in Hungary.

The Green Pack’s inclusion in the Hungarian curriculum on education for sustainable development started in September 2006. The demand for the Green Pack is significant and still growing.

Achievements in Bulgaria (2002-2004)
The Green Pack was recommended by the Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science (MES) and the Ministry of the Environment and Water (MoEW). The ministries signed a special Memorandum on Cooperation on Education for Sustainable Development where the Green Pack is mentioned as basic educational tool. MES intends to include the GP in the Bulgarian curricula starting in September 2006.

The following organisations contributed to the teachers’ training programme: MoEW, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria and Toyota – Bulgaria (a branch of Toyota – Balkans).

About 1400 teachers have been trained so far. The development of on line version of the Green Pack materials in Bulgarian http://greenpack.rec.org/bg/main.php?lang=bg was supported by Toyota – Bulgaria.

Achievements in Poland (2001-2004)
The first pilot version of the Green Pack set was developed in Poland. The Green Pack educational materials were evaluated, approved and recommended for use in the Polish school system by the Polish Ministry of Education and Sport and by the Polish Ministry of the Environment.

After deciding that the initial circulation of 2,000 packs was not enough for the needs of Poland, the National Fund for Environment Protection and Water Management supported the REC Country Office Poland in upgrading the Green Pack and producing of two additional circulations (2,000 and 3,000 sets). Additional financial support was provided for the organisation of:

» Training of trainers – 116 trainers have been trained; »training of teachers – about 5,500 teachers have been trained how to use the Green Pack, in the first two years after introducing the Green Pack in Poland.

Over 5,500 out of approximately 6,700 schools (at the level of lower secondary – gymnasium, for which the Green Pack was intended) are using the Green Pack. Over 600,000 students were already educated with use of the Green Pack. The process of learning continues with the next students’ generations.

OTHER GREEN PACK RELATED ACTIVITIES

Other activities in 2005
» A feasibility study on possible developments before the Green Pack implementation in Belarus was carried out wit the support of OSCE.

Green Pack activities in 2006
» A two-year project started in May in Macedonia with the support of the Austrian Government through the Austrian Development Agency. The work on the Macedonian Green Pack is in progress.

» A feasibility study on possible developments before the Green Pack implementation in Central Asia is planned to be carried out in autumn 2006 with the support of OSCE.

Green Pack activities in 2008-2009
A two-year project with support of the Dutch Government in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo, United Nations Interim Administration Mission.

GREEN PACK ACHIEVEMENTS

Achievements in Turkey (2005-2007)
A three-year project in Turkey, with the support of the EC LIFE Programme of the European Commission and the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea.

During the project the Green Pack was adapted to Turkish conditions and needs with the close cooperation of the Ministry of National Education and Ministry of Environment and Forestry, as well as two non-governmental organisations: Kus Arastırmalari Dernegi, Doga Dernegi supported by Turkish teachers and educators. The Green Pack was officially approved by the Ministry of National Education for use in the Turkish education system. A total of 2,000 sets of the Green Pack were produced, and 101 teachers were trained during four trainings. The trainers conducted presentations and workshops for over 1,600 fellow teachers and headmasters.

Before the school year 2007/2008 began, the Minister of National Education in Turkey, Huseyin Celik, forwarded a circular to all of the primary and secondary, public and private schools requesting every teacher to conduct, in the first week of the school year, lessons on environmental problems that Turkey is facing at the moment. In particular, issues related to water problems and climate change were encouraged. Four lesson plans from the Turkish Green Pack were recommended for this purpose. Copies of the lesson plans were sent together with the circular. The schools were also informed about the project’s website address: http://www.yesilkutu.net. The website is developed as a tool in the support system for teachers using the Green Pack in Turkey.

The recommended lesson plans include:
1. Water: Fundamental Source of Life

2. Our World is Warming

3. Water Pollution

4. Let’s Protect our Seas

The authors of the original versions of the lesson plans are Kliment Mindjov (Bulgaria) and Agnes Boddi Schroth (Hungary).

On-line versions of the Green Pack

So far there are four language on-line versions of the Green Pack materials in:

English: http://greenpack.rec.org
Bulgarian: http://greenpack.rec.org/bg/main.php?lang=bg
Russian: http://greenpack.rec.org/ru/main.php?lang=ru
Turkish: www.yesilkutu.net


For more information you may contact

Mr. Kliment Mindjov
Head of Education and Capacity Building Programme

The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe
9-11, Ady Endre ut, 2000 Szentendre, Hungary

Tel: (36-26) 504-069
Fax: (36-26) 311-294
e-mail: KMindjov@rec.org

Ms. Pınar Akpınar
Green PACK Turkey Project - Project Officer

İlkbahar Mah. 15 Cad. 296 Sok.
No. 8 Yıldız, Ankara-Türkiye
Tel: +90 312 491 95 30 / 11
Fax: +90 312 491 95 40
e-mail: pinar.akpinar@rec.org.tr
www.rec.org.tr